Types of rats are very important things while trapping rats. How many types of rats and how can we identify the types of rats? Firstly, We should get to know the types of rats and which types of rats are the problem for us. Below we will discuss the types of rats with their activities. So, we can easily identify the type of rats at home or anywhere.
The Top 3 Types Of Rats Are:
- Norway rats
- Roof rats
1. Norway Rats:
Norway rats are also known as “Brown rats and Sewer rats”. The color of Norway rats is brown to gray colored and their weight is nearly about 7 to 18 Ounces. Their tail is nearly about 8 inches with a total length of 16 inches.
Norway Rats Activities:
Norway does not that this species belongs to Norway it’s believed that the species belongs to china. In the United States, this type of rat is a big pest problem for the last 48 years. This rat tail is shorter than the combination of rat head and body. Their ears are small and have no hair. Its body is capsule-shaped.
These types of rats are mostly found in the burrows near any building, woodpiles, and around the garden. Norway rats usually enter the house in search of food. Norway rats can travel an area of 150- 200 feet in diameter in search of food and water. They lives usually in the basement of the building to avoid traveling for food.
Norway rats prefer to eat meat, fruits, grains, and dry fruit. These types of species can eat the dead body of the rats. And be able to catch the small rodents and little fishes. They are good swimmers and have limited agility. They make their colony near any water resources to fulfill the requirement of drinking water.
The scientific name of the packrat is “Neotoma” and is mostly found in North America. The size of the packrat is about 15- 16 inches long in which its tail is about 7-8 inches. The color of this rodent is cinnamon, brown, gray, yellowish gray, and creamy buff. Their feet and bellies are brighter in color as compared to the rest of the body. They are rat-sized animals with large ears, large and dark color eyes, and long tails. But, the question is how to identify packrats. and what are their activities? below we have discussed the activities of pack rats.
Pack Rats Activities:
Packrats are also known as “woodrats” and are widely found in North America. These rodents are predominant in the deserts and highlands of the western and eastern United States, Northern Mexico, and western Canada.
Packrats are different in nature and figure as compared to the Norway rats. Because they have large ears and long tails its body is full of hair and soft body. These things make this species different from the other two rodents (Norway rats and roof rats). Packrats have very long tails as compared to the combination of head and body of the pack rats and the color of the tail is blackish and buff-colored.
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These pack rats are more attracted to small, bright, and shining objects such as broken pieces of mirrors, spoons, jewelry, and other items. They are very active at night and are good climbers. Their best bait is dry fruit such as nuts.
3. Roof Rats:
The size of roof rats is nearly 15 inches and its tail is about 6-7 inches and hairless. The weight of the roof rat is about 5-12 ounces. They have large ears and eyes and long hairless tails and the color of the body is grey or black. They have smooth grey hairs on the body with off-white to grey underbellies.
Roof Rats Activities:
Their name shows that they are excellent climbers and have access to homes by running on the cables, wires, and branches of trees. In long buildings, roof rats mostly nest on the upper portion of the structure. They are very lithe and can congestion through openings only 1/2 –inches wide.
Roof rats can climb down from the building for food. They can travel up to 300 feet daily for food. And can be very active at night and able to see running along the walls, utility lines, and fence tops. They are very smart nature rodents and maintain their balance on utility lines with the help of their long tail. They are very faster than the Norway rat and are good climbers. Which makes them very effective for escape.
Homeowners need to understand how to identify roof rats and find this costly pest to protect themselves. Because these species are mostly known for chewing wire and food contamination and are also dangerous for health problems. These species found nearly the source of water because they need to drink water every day.